Tratamento com implantes unitários

Tratamento com implantes unitários

Introduction: Implant dentistry constitute a therapeutic modality in the prosthodontic treatment of patients with partial and total tooth loss. This study reports the evaluation of patients treated with single crowns by loading of single implants.

Methods: 146 patients with single-tooth loss were treated with Galimplant® sandblasted and acid-etched surface implants. Implants were loaded after a healing period of 6 weeks (mandible) and 8 weeks (maxilla). Clinical findings (implants and prosthodontics) were followed during 5 years.

Results: 216 implants were inserted (168 maxillary, and 48 mandibular) for prosthodontic rehabilitation with single-tooth crowns. 81 implants were inserted in anterior sites and 135 in posterior sites. After 5-year follow- up, clinical results indicate a survival and success rate of implants of 95,8%. 4 implants were lost during the healing period by mobility, while 5 implants were lost by peri-implantitits. Technical complications showed 8 cases of ceramic fracture.

Conclusions. Clinical results of this study indicate that single crowns supported by sandblasted and etched- surface implants and can be a successful dental treatment.

Key words: Dental implants, single-implants, sandblasted and acid-etched surface, single crowns, early loading, implant dentistry.

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